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Rhythm of Container Transportation Research, January 2018

Container Tracking

Rhythm of Container Transportation Research, January 2018

1. Introduction is a digital platform which provides services to users in container transportation ecosystem in more than 180 countries. Container tracking and searching routes among all ports in world services are provided by the platform and the platform has been increasing the number of its users day by day. An increase in this naturally provides abundant data which allows researchers to share the data with the public.

Rhythm of the Container Transportation Research is shared with the public every month. The purposes of the study are;

- Revealing the website users’ carrier preferences

Finding the most searched 10 routes        

Determining international trade volume in Cntracking, and

Measuring transit times by taking Turkey ports as origin


2. Research Area
The research was conducted through the compilation of anonymous data of 13,661 different users’ actions within in January and users logged in to platform 24,109 times. While average session period in January was 2 minutes and 10 second for each user, Cntracking pages have viewed 52,842 times.


In January, has been visited by 13,661 users from 185 countries around the world. The platform was used mostly by Turkey-based users (13.5%) in January. Indian users follow them with 9.5%. USA (7.6%), is the third country in the list with an increase of 2.3% compared to last quarter of 2017. While Pakistan citizens take the 4th place with 3,7% with a slight difference of 0.01%, United Arab Emirates has fallen to 5th place with 3,7%. In January, the rankings of the top 5countries that visited Cntracking have changed. Pakistan took UAE place. Egypt lost its place in the top 5 list first time since Cntracking conducted this research.


*The rate of visit Cntracking from Turkey has decreased remarkably (20%), but other countries performed well in 2018*. The visit rates from some of the countries remained stable with some fluctuations. The list continues with Bangladesh and Egypt (respectively 3.0% and 2.7%). Germany (2.4%) and UK (2.3%) have taken their places at the top 10 list being the 8th and the 9th respectively. Lastly, with 2.1% rate Spanish citizens are the 10th  in January.



3. Key Findings of the Study


Key findings of the study are covered in four main sections;


3.1 The Carrier Preferences of Website Users


The container tracking module, which is one of the online services of Cntracking, has ability to record carrier for each tracked container and shows the most preferred shipping line for container based maritime trade. According to the users’ container tracking demand in January 2018, the most favorite shipping lines and their preferences are given in Table 3. The table also gives a comparison of the rates with the last quarter of 2017


The most preferred shipping line in January was Maersk Line with a 16.4% rate. The difference between MSC and Maersk Line has increased to 1.1% this month. MSC has increased its rates to 15.3%, but it has not been enough to get the 1st place.


Also, some differences in other shipowners have been observed. Although Hapag-Lloyd’s results have decreased 0.4%, Hapag-Lloyd succeeded to hold its place. With the January results, CMA-CGM was the 4th most preferred shipowner after COSCO with 0.9% difference. The preference rate of other ship owners in January is 39.3%.




3.2 Most Searched Routes


In January, 13,661 users from over 180 countries around the world made searches for shipping trade routes. The most searched Turkey-based shipping routes are given in Table 4. Istanbul(Ambarlı)-Jebel Ali(UAE) was at the top of the list. Ambarlı Port was the most searched one. Mersin Port followed Ambarlı Port in January. The other ports which have entered the list are Gebze Port and Gemlik Port. Although Turkey has many more container ports, they have not been able to enter the list.


Destination of the Turkey-originated routes usually were Middle East, Asia and Africa in January, similar to the Q4-2017. These routes show the direction of Turkey’s foreign trade as well.


According to 2017 trade statistics of Turkish Statistics Institute(TUIK), European countries such as Germany and UK were also important countries in terms of Turkish foreign trade. However, there were few searches for Turkey-originated European shipping route in the platform. One of the reasons of this might be that because big portion of Turkey-Europe trade is carried out through road rather than sea.





Service Finder Module is one of the Cntracking online solutions that gives the user information about shipping trade routes, transit times of each route, and shipping lines that provide services for each route etc. Thanks to the module, the users can collect the required information and plan their shipments accordingly. The list of top 10 global shipping trade routes that were most searched by Cntracking users in January is given in Table 5. The users especially wanted to be informed about Middle East, African and Asian routes. Nhava Sheva-Djibouti and Mundra-Johannesburg were the most demanded routes in January with 0.13% and 0.12% respectively. The reasons why the first two most searched routes are India-originated routes can be India's growing economic ties with the Republic of South Africa and Djibouti, and widespreading of Cntracking in India.


Jebel Ali-Alexandria and Alexandria -Mersin ranked 3rd and 4th with a 0.09% and 0.07% search rates respectively. Alexandria -Umm Qasr, Jebel Ali-Mersin and Jebel Ali-Sydney had the same rate (0.06%) and became the 5th most searched routes in January. The list continues with New York-Istanbul and Jebel Ali-Port Klang. Lastly, the 10th most searched shipping trade route in January was Barcelona-Alexandria with 0.04%.



3.3 Determining International Trade Volume in Cntracking


Cntracking users can track their import and export container online. The total volume of container which has been tracked during every month for each route gives the trade volume of the route as well. In this respect, top 5 most tracked container routes in January is given in Table 6.




China-Iran route is the most tracked one with 5.2%. However, China lost its dominance in the top 5 rankings in January. China, which was listed in the last quarter with three routes in the last quarter of 2017, was only represented with China-Iran route in January 2018.


Turkey- UK, Turkey-Saudi Arabia and Turkey-UAE take the 2nd, 3rd and 4th places in January (with 4.2%, 3.8% and 2.9% respectively), and Australia-India route takes the 5th place. It is also seen in Table 6 that Turkey has dominated the International Trade in Cntracking data. Also, Australia’s trade with India has increased due to FTA negotiations and took the 5th place.




The countries which mostly trade with each other also can be found by container tracking data.  Table 7 shows the top 5 countries to/from which import-export container tracking has been made most. The countries with which Turkey trade most are UK, Saudi Arabia, UAE, China and Spain. The containers tracked from Turkish ports comprise 45.3% of the whole trade data collected, which is 10% higher than Q4-2017.


In contrast, China’s share in Global Trade has fallen to 16.8%, which indicates 8% decrease compared to Q4-2017. Containers are loaded in China and go to Iran, Turkey, India, Spain, and Bangladesh. Australia has shown a successful performance and become the 3rd, surpassing India and Spain. 6.8% of containers were shipped from Australia to India, Iran, Thailand, UAE and UK in January. 6.2% of the containers were shipped in India to Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Madagascar, USA, UAE. Lastly, Spain’s (3.3%) trade was basically with Bulgaria, Algeria, Mexico, Peru and Dominic Republic in January.



Table 8 shows the Cntracking port-to-port container tracking data and it is seen that 30.7% of the tracked containers were shipped to India, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, and UAE. India has become the most importing country in January with 6.8%. India received containers mostly from Australia, China, Russia, and Turkey. Saudi Arabia is the second country to which containers are shipped most. 6.5% of the total tracked containers were discharged in Saudi Arabia. Turkey, India, China and USA-loaded containers were destinated to the Saudi ports in January. Iran follows Saudi Arabia in the list. Iran-discharged containers are 6.4% of the total tracking of the platform, which makes Iran the 3rd in the list. Iran imported mostly from China, Australia, Brazil, and Kuwait respectively. Apparently, Turkey has lost 2% share in January, and fell down to the 4th place. The containers which were discharged in Turkey comprises 5.5% of all container tracking. 5.5% of the tracked containers were shipped to Turkey from China, UK, Hong Kong and South Korea. Lastly, the UAE takes the 5th in the list by generating 5.5% of total tracking. The containers destinated to UAE are mostly shipped from Turkey, Australia, USA and Canada.





3.4 Transit Times OF Routes by Taking Turkey Ports as Departure: January 2018


Turkey-based maximum/minimum transit times and fluctuations of shipping trade routes is given in Table 9. Cntracking has been recording maximum and minimum transit time for each shipping trade route so that transit time volatility can be determined for each route. In January Gebze-Tema(Gana) shipping route was the most inconsistent route with its 23 days fluctuation. Mersin-Aqaba(Jordan) and Gemlik-Aqaba(Jordan) shipping routes followed it with a difference of 14 days and 11 days respectively.


On the other hand, transit time differences for Aliağa-Chennai(India), Aliağa-Alexandria(Egypt), İzmir-Karachi(Pakistan), İzmir-Odessa(Ukraine), Gemlik-Jebel Ali(UAE) is recorded as 1 day, while no differences have been observed for the following routes: Gemlik-Jeddah(Saudi Arabia), Izmir-Felixstowe(UK), Aliağa-Sohar(Oman) and Ambarlı-Karachi(Pakistan). Fluctuations in the other shipping routes can be examined in Table 9.






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